Happy New Year! We hope that you all had a wonderful holiday season.
I am a mom of two and one of my children depended on cannabis as a therapy daily for many years. My daughter, Nattaly, was diagnosed with cancer at the age of four. She went in and out of treatment three times and during her second round of chemotherapy, we chose to use cannabinoids, mainly CBD and THC, to help ease the side effects she was experiencing due to her treatment. The question I kept finding myself asking was “where does this medicine come from?” Michigan is a legal state and there are policies in place so that provisioning centers are supplying patients with clean medicine that must be tested before it is sold so I knew her medicine was clean and safe for consumption but I had this urgency to know who handcrafted this plant for her.
I was never told the name of the farmer to thank or the field that cultivated a plant that made her quality of life exponentially better. Someone took the time to mature a plant to help her and I will never know who that was. This unanswered question left me with a desire to cultivate and produce medicine so that I could tell patients where their medicine came from and whose hands crafted it. Ben is our farmer at Michigan Hemp Solutions, and he is cultivating CBD for patients like you and those you love. He is also taking the time to teach others this trade so that high-quality products will continue to be produced for patients like Nattaly.
Michigan Hemp Solutions cultivates hemp with a high CBD profile on a family farm in Galesburg Michigan. The CO2 extracted CBD oil produced is also manufactured in Galesburg. It is important to us that you know where your cannabinoids are cultivated because that makes all the difference in quality. I have had a lot of people come to me over the last five years and ask me what the best CBD product was and where they could purchase it. I was never able to confidently answer that question until I met Ben. When I heard about Ben & Sarah’s farm and what they were trying to accomplish with the hemp fields, I was captivated. They are farmers who have the consumer’s best interest in mind and their hearts are all the way into the product that is being produced. Soil Friends Farms, where our hemp is cultivated, has been chemical and pesticide-free for 7 years. I have finally found a product that is cultivated locally, and I can confidently recommend this line of CBD to anyone who asks.
The quality of your CBD starts in the plant’s growth with a cannabinoid known as cannabigerolic acid or CBGA. This is the molecule that all other cannabinoids are built upon. Each cannabinoids structure is different, and those different structures bind to docking sites within our body’s cells causing the cell to change shape. This shape change causes the cells receptors to make a neurotransmitter. This change caused by the fusion of cell and cannabinoid will create an event within the body. For example, the vanilloid receptor is responsible for pain, inflammation and body temperature. Once the cell that has bonded with a cannabinoid has landed on the receptor signals are blocked. This is the same reaction that is produced when you take Tylenol for a headache. Hemp farmers could also be called trichome farmers, we raise our hemp for the trichomes that it produces once it matures. This is where all the medical value of the plant is housed. We at Michigan Hemp Solutions take pride in the quality of our product knowing it is your family we will be taking care of. This is the same reason Soil Friends Farms has not used chemicals or pesticides on fruit or vegetable crops. The quality of the plant starts with the field and hands used to raise it.
If you are new to our Blog, Welcome! We are Michigan Hemp Solutions and it is our goal to educate and inform on a variety of hemp uses and practices. In our last post we talked about carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction systems and the reasons we chose CO2 for our extraction solvent. CO2 extraction takes our high-quality hemp flower full of Cannabidiol (CBD) and turns it into a medical grade oil.
The consumption method must meet the need of the consumer and we are lucky that there are many methods to choose from. To name a few we have oils, vaporizers, tinctures and patches. But there is little discussion around smoking the flower from a hemp plant. We want to offer you information on why this consumption method may work for you.
It is still illegal to add CBD to liquids and foods and it is not approved as a dietary supplement by the FDA, yet as 2020 approaches the acceptance of cannabis has come farther than it ever has in America. It is understandable that consumers are being cautious of the products they are purchasing and consuming. The strains produced on our farm meet state standards meaning there is less than 0.3% of Tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9 THC) on a dry weight basis. Michigan also tests our harvest for foreign matter, pesticides, chemical residue, metals, CBD and CBD acid levels, fungicides, insecticides, residual solvent levels, moisture content and a terpene analysis.
Delta-9 THC is known for its ability to cause psychoactive effects in the brain. It is a misleading fact that CBD is a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. The term psychoactive refers to the effect caused by a chemical reaction in your brain. CBD does cause a chemical reaction making it a psychoactive drug, however to redefine this conception we can think of THC as intoxicating and CBD and non-intoxicating. Cannabis is processed through your Endocannabinoid system (ECS). The Endocannabinoid system is found in many different species but we will just focus on how it effects humans. Your ECS is compiled of a group of receptors found throughout your body. These receptors are in the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system and within the immune system. The receptors control and regulate our metabolic functions that are used to maintain homeostasis. In other words, our ECS is used to balance systems within our bodies that are otherwise imbalanced causing us to feel ill or uncomfortable. If we can get our bodies to reach a state of homeostasis it means all the systems in our bodies are working in harmony to maintain optimum conditions. Our ECS is important in regulating essential functions such as sleep, appetite, pain, fertility, and immune system functions to name a few. Although CBD is not intoxicating it has been reported to make the consumer feel relaxed, sleepy, at ease or generally just a little bit happier. CBD has also been noted to provide quick relief from nausea and pain.
Inhalation is one of the most practical ways for users to get cannabis, in this case in the from of CBD, into their body’s Endocannabinoid System. Inhalation is also one of the fastest delivery methods. Inhaling CBD allows for direct contact with your lungs alveoli, which then transfers the cannabinoid into your blood stream. When inhaling CBD the onset usually occurs within five minutes and can remain in your system for up to two hours. Inhalation is also the cheapest way to experience hemp flower. Inhalation can be achieved with a variety of methods such as a pre-rolled cone or by using a dry herb vaporizer. Smokable hemp allows the consumer for a fast and effective short term relief. Our farm produces three strains of hemp each with its own unique properties. Sour Berry is a strain that is best used during the day. Our Sour Berry tests at 8.5% CBD and is bursting with fruity terpenes giving a boost of energy to any user. Boax tested at 7.6% CBD and is a great strain to smoke at night after a hard day, it has properties that highlight relaxation and heightening a feeling of accomplishment. Low and slow drying preserved the flavor and terpenes to help contain CBG, CBN, CBC, Caryophyllene, Humulene, Limonene, Linalool, Pinene and a host of vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids. This strain has flavor of sweet earthy herbs and smooth smoke. Boax Spectrum is very similar to Boax but has a minty flavor. This strain tests at 8.4% CBD and is used like that of Boax, it is perfect for the end of the day or on a relaxing Saturday morning. All our strains are grown on land free of chemicals and pesticides. We farm with quality in mind in hopes that we are providing you with the best agriculture products on the market.
Michigan Hemp Solutions is here to provide our clients with a variety of products based on the needs that you present us with. We want to provide you with clean cannabis extracts with consistency. Using CO2 Extraction allows for us to provide an array of products. We pride ourselves on being able to meet the demands of our clients and being a sustainable business conscience to our earth. Concentrate sales are now higher than the sale of dry flower because the plant profile is preserved, and the dosage is more suitable to the consumer’s needs.
Our CO2 extraction process allows us to select specific cannabinoids to deliver to our clients based on their needs. Our CO2 system can adapt to client needs by adjusting perameters for different cannabis extracted products. System changes include adjusting pressure, temperature, and flow rate to manipulate the super critical fluid within the system. As our client’s needs shift so can our production, CO2 allows us to be precise on the compounds we select to extract, and this is a key benefit to our business. There are many other extraction methods available to the industry that are great at making one product. We pride ourselves on being a company that produces full spectrum cannabis oils.
CO2 readily evaporates from the oil leaving no residue once the oil reaches atmospheric conditions. CO2’s evaporation and terpene preservation leads to a natural tasting product and a golden color oil. Running supercritical or liquid CO2 (subcritical) through raw material also kills most microbial contaminants. Ultimately CO2’s ability to be fluid and ever changing allows us to stay ahead of the markets needs by meeting your need for broad-spectrum, green and clean oil!
CO2 extraction is ideal for cannabis as well as food, pharmaceutical, and fragrance industries due to its ability to process in a delicate manor. Settings such as temperature, and pressure ensures that we will not damage frail trichomes when performed correctly. Cannabis concentrates are targeted for an assortment of cannabinoids, terpenes and other components of the dried cannabis plant. Our goal at MHS is to be consistent and efficent in achieving therapeutic results. Current studies have suggested that extracting terpenes can enhance the medicinal effects of CBD along with other cannabinoids. The proper extraction of terpenes from specific strains allows us to satisfy medicinal market demands. If you cultivated a variety based on the medicinal value of that plant we are able to preserve and prevent those terpenes from getting lost in the extraction method. Consumers will be able to measure the quality based on effects upon consumption.
Cannabis can be extracted using several different methods aside from CO2 extraction. Butane and Ethanol are the two mentioned and are of the most popular. They have a commonplace in the cannabis industry for multiple reasons, one being the strength of the solution. Ethanol and Butane are powerful solvents that have an all or nothing personality. They pull out wax, chlorophyll, fat, terpenes and cannabinoids. This leaves no room for control on what is targeted for extraction.
Cannabinoids like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the main compounds extracted from the cannabis plant. Aren’t these the most important two? But what about terpenes? How do terpenes play a role in extraction and why are they so crucial? Terpenes are responsible for most of the plants profile. Another way to look at terpenes is considering them like the plant’s personality traits. Before I mentioned that you may cultivate certain strains because of their medicinal profile, this profile comes from the terpenes housed in the flowers trichomes. These same trichomes house CBD and THC as well.
We deliver a ‘full-spectrum’ extract meaning the complete profile of the plants medicinal value which includes both terpenes and cannabinoids. Through extraction the cannabinoids are preserved but as well as the delicate terpenes that are volatile through the extraction process. With CO2 extraction the delicacy of the process allows for the consumer to receive that full-spectrum oil they may be in search of.
By changing the pressure and temperature of the CO2 you can create Supercritical CO2 or CO2 in its liquid state (subcritical). Due to CO2’s properties it can be described as a “green” solvent because it is both non-toxic and non-flammable. This alleviates the concern for residue in the final product and the chance of explosion during processing. Carbon Dioxide is generally recognized as safe by the FDA. The legislation around health and safety places heavy restrictions around solvent that are acceptable. CO2 is most acceptable because it is natural. Extracts made from CO2 are closest to the natural starting material which is our goal in extraction.
The liquid CO2 is pumped through the plant material dissolving the terpenes and oils. After this process is complete the CO2 returns to its natural state as a gas allowing the terpenes and oils to flow out for collection. Once the terpenes are collected, we can run the process again this time at a higher temperature and pressure specifically targeting cannabinoids. Once the cannabinoids have been extracted, they can be winterized to remove fats, then the terpenes from the first extraction can be added back into the product creating a full-spectrum oil.
CO2 extraction is both customizable and clean. CO2 extraction allows for us to extract any desired compound(s) to create therapeutic CBD-based medicine that is valuable in terpenes, aroma, and quality. We truly believe that with our CO2 extraction system we can meet a limitless variety of products for you and the consumer you are targeting.
Terpenes are a large part of the full-spectrum oil that we are trying to achieve but you may be asking why terpenes are so crucial to the medicinal user of cannabis products. Terpenes are essential oils that work with cannabinoids to create the entourage effect. The entourage effect is simply the way the whole cannabis plant including cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes and other substances naturally found in cannabis work together to create homeostasis in your body. Terpenes also have a large number of medicinal benefits!
Studies have been conducted over the years and it has been found that any terpene concentration above 0.5% is considered to effectively change behavior and bring out physiological changes. Patients who showed symptoms of depression were exposed to terpenes and nine out of the twelve patients reported that their depression subsided. There are over 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant resulting in a different aromatic flavor for each plant profile. Terpenes are also found in a grand host of other plants such as hops, lemongrass, thyme and citrus fruits just to name a few. There is a terpene wheel that displays where certain terpenes are found and the aroma and flavor profile! Although the cannabis plant has 200 terpenes there are more than 30,000 known terpenes. If you are curious, check out the wheel. Terpenes health benefits also deserve a mention. Studies conducted in the last five to ten years have proved that the terpene Limonene stunt cancer cell growth, prevents the cells from spreading and often causes the cancerous cells to die. The terpene Linalool or a dominant terpene found in lavender is known for its anticonvulsant properties, or in other terms has been found to stop seizure activity in the brain. There is so much more and beyond to talk about terpenes!
We hope that after this rather lengthy article you have a better understanding of CO2 extraction and its importance and the benefits of a full-spectrum oil.
Farmers have an opportunity in 2019 that hasn’t been available to us since 1937. The President of the United States of America signed the Agriculture Improvement act of 2018. This allows farmers to apply for a license in their state to produce and manufacture hemp. The bill also allows the sale, transport and possession of hemp derived products. The limitation being the products produced must be consistent with the law. Under the law hemp is classified as anything that is less than 0.3% THC; anything with a THC content higher than 0.3% is classified as marijuana. 
In 1937 under the Marijuana Tax Act all forms of cannabis plants were made illegal. In 1970 all cannabis plants were scheduled under the Controlled Substance Act as a schedule one narcotic. This came after a man and his family tried to go on vacation while possessing hemp flower in the form of hemp cigarettes. The man was arrested and on trial was found not guilty by pleading the fifth. After this trial the US government found it necessary to incriminate any persons possessing cannabis plants regardless of use.
During this time period there was not enough science and research around Cannabis Sativa to allow for the understanding we have of the plant today. Cannabis is a broad term that can be broken down into smaller classification to determine if the cannabis plant is Hemp or Marijuana. If we reach back to our biology lessons from high school, we know that all living organisms belong to classification. This classification is broken down into ranks such as Kingdom, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species. Hemp and Marijuana all belong to the Kingdom Plantae; Class Dicotyledon; Order Urticales; Family Cannabacea.  The Genus Hemp produces a species Marijuana, and this occurs naturally when the flowers from the Hemp plant are pollinated.
Science has allowed us to research the genetic makeup of the cannabis plant and we have found that certain genetic makeups provide us with a plant that produces less than 0.3% THC. Cultivators have been working for decades to bring a consistent product to farmers across the country. Trilogene Seeds provides Michigan Hemp Solutions with high quality CBD genetics. The breeders and cultivators from Trilogene have cultivated to perfection strains of CBD rich cannabis seeds. It is our goal here at Michigan Hemp Solutions to provide our customer base with products they can rely on to be high quality and grown with care.