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Terpenes

Terpenes are found all over nature. Anything in your kitchen that can be smelled such as herbs and spices, those are terpenes. Things like mint, thyme and basil. More that 50,000 terpenes have been identified in nature. The purest form to visualize terpenes is tree resin, if you have some of the resin on your hands it is very sticky and thick and does not wash off with soap and water and this is pure terpenes! More than 60% of the natural compounds or chemicals that have been identified in nature are terpenes. They are everywhere! If you google terpenes the first hits you will see will be from sites such as Leafly, Weedmaps and even a picture of a terpene wheel. This is because google bases its results on popularity. This leads to a misconception that terpenes are only found in cannabis, which is simply not true.

A terpene is natures simplest molecule. Isoprene are the building blocks used to create different terpenes, kind of like the Lego of nature. An Isoprene is made of five carbons and it has two double bonds. Beginner chemist lesson, double bonds love to connect to one another. Isoprene bond together to make monoterpene which is two isoprene bonded together; sesquiterpene is three; diterpene is four and this chain can continue for ever and ever. When you get enough isoprene together eventually you will have rubber which is a cool little fun fact! Some common terpenes that are made up of two isoprene are myrcene, limonene and menthol and humulene is made up of three isoprene.  

There are only two terpenes that deserve special talk around cannabis. One is Beta-caryophyllene-epoxide, this is the terpene that drug hounds are trained to sniff out at airports or in police raids. The other is cannabis specific meaning it has not been found in any other plant and that is m-mentha-1,8(9)-dien-5-ol.  

Terpenes are responsible for a lot of activity in the world around us. Terpenes are responsible for the smells in our perfumes; taste in our beer; vitamin A. Even the weather is affected by terpenes. Over large forests terpenes are evaporated from the vegetation, those evaporated terpenes then show up in the rainwater! They also have many medicinal properties. The medicinal value of a terpene is not strong and prominent however they are able to stabilize certain health conditions when consumed on a regular basis. Terpenes help cannabinoids absorb into our bodies, penetrate our blood brain barrier and modify our liver metabolism. Beta-caryophyllene causes black pepper to have its spicy taste. It also binds to the CB2 receptor, so it has a cannabinoid like effect although it is a terpene.

Dr. Ethan Russo, a cannabis scientist wrote a paper about the use of cannabis in different parts of the world. He noticed that cannabis use was deemed risky or toxic because it had side effects. These same cultures used plants and medicines as antidotes. Common antidotes seem to be related to terpene content. In lemons you see limonene, this help ease anxious feelings. Myrcene is used to help sedate if the user gets hyper while using cannabis. Ironically the terpenes used as an antidote are often built into certain cannabis varieties. This is where you can use the plants terpene profile to select the right oil for your health needs.

It is worth it to know why terpenes derived from the cannabis plant are so valuable. When terpenes derived from botanicals are added to oils the genetic makeup of the plant is depleted. The entourage effect is better achieved when the genetic makeup of the plants natural profile is retained in the extracted oil. Capturing terpenes from cannabis means we are pulling the entire plant profile; this will help in achieving the full entourage effect and cannabis flavor. Cannabis derived terpenes are the top choice for consumers.

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Cultivation is Key For My CBD

Happy New Year! We hope that you all had a wonderful holiday season.

I am a mom of two and one of my children depended on cannabis as a therapy daily for many years. My daughter, Nattaly, was diagnosed with cancer at the age of four. She went in and out of treatment three times and during her second round of chemotherapy, we chose to use cannabinoids, mainly CBD and THC, to help ease the side effects she was experiencing due to her treatment. The question I kept finding myself asking was “where does this medicine come from?” Michigan is a legal state and there are policies in place so that provisioning centers are supplying patients with clean medicine that must be tested before it is sold so I knew her medicine was clean and safe for consumption but I had this urgency to know who handcrafted this plant for her.

I was never told the name of the farmer to thank or the field that cultivated a plant that made her quality of life exponentially better. Someone took the time to mature a plant to help her and I will never know who that was. This unanswered question left me with a desire to cultivate and produce medicine so that I could tell patients where their medicine came from and whose hands crafted it. Ben is our farmer at Michigan Hemp Solutions, and he is cultivating CBD for patients like you and those you love. He is also taking the time to teach others this trade so that high-quality products will continue to be produced for patients like Nattaly.

Michigan Hemp Solutions cultivates hemp with a high CBD profile on a family farm in Galesburg Michigan. The CO2 extracted CBD oil produced is also manufactured in Galesburg. It is important to us that you know where your cannabinoids are cultivated because that makes all the difference in quality. I have had a lot of people come to me over the last five years and ask me what the best CBD product was and where they could purchase it. I was never able to confidently answer that question until I met Ben. When I heard about Ben & Sarah’s farm and what they were trying to accomplish with the hemp fields, I was captivated. They are farmers who have the consumer’s best interest in mind and their hearts are all the way into the product that is being produced. Soil Friends Farms, where our hemp is cultivated, has been chemical and pesticide-free for 7 years. I have finally found a product that is cultivated locally, and I can confidently recommend this line of CBD to anyone who asks.

The quality of your CBD starts in the plant’s growth with a cannabinoid known as cannabigerolic acid or CBGA. This is the molecule that all other cannabinoids are built upon. Each cannabinoids structure is different, and those different structures bind to docking sites within our body’s cells causing the cell to change shape. This shape change causes the cells receptors to make a neurotransmitter. This change caused by the fusion of cell and cannabinoid will create an event within the body. For example, the vanilloid receptor is responsible for pain, inflammation and body temperature. Once the cell that has bonded with a cannabinoid has landed on the receptor signals are blocked. This is the same reaction that is produced when you take Tylenol for a headache. Hemp farmers could also be called trichome farmers, we raise our hemp for the trichomes that it produces once it matures. This is where all the medical value of the plant is housed. We at Michigan Hemp Solutions take pride in the quality of our product knowing it is your family we will be taking care of. This is the same reason Soil Friends Farms has not used chemicals or pesticides on fruit or vegetable crops. The quality of the plant starts with the field and hands used to raise it.