Terpenes are found all over nature. Anything in your kitchen that can be smelled such as herbs and spices, those are terpenes. Things like mint, thyme and basil. More that 50,000 terpenes have been identified in nature. The purest form to visualize terpenes is tree resin, if you have some of the resin on your hands it is very sticky and thick and does not wash off with soap and water and this is pure terpenes! More than 60% of the natural compounds or chemicals that have been identified in nature are terpenes. They are everywhere! If you google terpenes the first hits you will see will be from sites such as Leafly, Weedmaps and even a picture of a terpene wheel. This is because google bases its results on popularity. This leads to a misconception that terpenes are only found in cannabis, which is simply not true.
A terpene is natures simplest molecule. Isoprene are the building blocks used to create different terpenes, kind of like the Lego of nature. An Isoprene is made of five carbons and it has two double bonds. Beginner chemist lesson, double bonds love to connect to one another. Isoprene bond together to make monoterpene which is two isoprene bonded together; sesquiterpene is three; diterpene is four and this chain can continue for ever and ever. When you get enough isoprene together eventually you will have rubber which is a cool little fun fact! Some common terpenes that are made up of two isoprene are myrcene, limonene and menthol and humulene is made up of three isoprene.
There are only two terpenes that deserve special talk around cannabis. One is Beta-caryophyllene-epoxide, this is the terpene that drug hounds are trained to sniff out at airports or in police raids. The other is cannabis specific meaning it has not been found in any other plant and that is m-mentha-1,8(9)-dien-5-ol.
Terpenes are responsible for a lot of activity in the world around us. Terpenes are responsible for the smells in our perfumes; taste in our beer; vitamin A. Even the weather is affected by terpenes. Over large forests terpenes are evaporated from the vegetation, those evaporated terpenes then show up in the rainwater! They also have many medicinal properties. The medicinal value of a terpene is not strong and prominent however they are able to stabilize certain health conditions when consumed on a regular basis. Terpenes help cannabinoids absorb into our bodies, penetrate our blood brain barrier and modify our liver metabolism. Beta-caryophyllene causes black pepper to have its spicy taste. It also binds to the CB2 receptor, so it has a cannabinoid like effect although it is a terpene.
Dr. Ethan Russo, a cannabis scientist wrote a paper about the use of cannabis in different parts of the world. He noticed that cannabis use was deemed risky or toxic because it had side effects. These same cultures used plants and medicines as antidotes. Common antidotes seem to be related to terpene content. In lemons you see limonene, this help ease anxious feelings. Myrcene is used to help sedate if the user gets hyper while using cannabis. Ironically the terpenes used as an antidote are often built into certain cannabis varieties. This is where you can use the plants terpene profile to select the right oil for your health needs.
It is worth it to know why terpenes derived from the cannabis plant are so valuable. When terpenes derived from botanicals are added to oils the genetic makeup of the plant is depleted. The entourage effect is better achieved when the genetic makeup of the plants natural profile is retained in the extracted oil. Capturing terpenes from cannabis means we are pulling the entire plant profile; this will help in achieving the full entourage effect and cannabis flavor. Cannabis derived terpenes are the top choice for consumers.
Happy New Year! We hope that you all had a wonderful holiday
I am a mom of two and one of my children depended on cannabis as a therapy daily for many years. My daughter, Nattaly, was diagnosed with cancer at the age of four. She went in and out of treatment three times and during her second round of chemotherapy, we chose to use cannabinoids, mainly CBD and THC, to help ease the side effects she was experiencing due to her treatment. The question I kept finding myself asking was “where does this medicine come from?” Michigan is a legal state and there are policies in place so that provisioning centers are supplying patients with clean medicine that must be tested before it is sold so I knew her medicine was clean and safe for consumption but I had this urgency to know who handcrafted this plant for her.
I was never told the name of the farmer to thank or the field that cultivated a plant that made her quality of life exponentially better. Someone took the time to mature a plant to help her and I will never know who that was. This unanswered question left me with a desire to cultivate and produce medicine so that I could tell patients where their medicine came from and whose hands crafted it. Ben is our farmer at Michigan Hemp Solutions, and he is cultivating CBD for patients like you and those you love. He is also taking the time to teach others this trade so that high-quality products will continue to be produced for patients like Nattaly.
Michigan Hemp Solutions cultivates hemp with a high CBD profile on a family farm in Galesburg Michigan. The CO2 extracted CBD oil produced is also manufactured in Galesburg. It is important to us that you know where your cannabinoids are cultivated because that makes all the difference in quality. I have had a lot of people come to me over the last five years and ask me what the best CBD product was and where they could purchase it. I was never able to confidently answer that question until I met Ben. When I heard about Ben & Sarah’s farm and what they were trying to accomplish with the hemp fields, I was captivated. They are farmers who have the consumer’s best interest in mind and their hearts are all the way into the product that is being produced. Soil Friends Farms, where our hemp is cultivated, has been chemical and pesticide-free for 7 years. I have finally found a product that is cultivated locally, and I can confidently recommend this line of CBD to anyone who asks.
The quality of your CBD starts in the plant’s growth with a cannabinoid known as cannabigerolic acid or CBGA. This is the molecule that all other cannabinoids are built upon. Each cannabinoids structure is different, and those different structures bind to docking sites within our body’s cells causing the cell to change shape. This shape change causes the cells receptors to make a neurotransmitter. This change caused by the fusion of cell and cannabinoid will create an event within the body. For example, the vanilloid receptor is responsible for pain, inflammation and body temperature. Once the cell that has bonded with a cannabinoid has landed on the receptor signals are blocked. This is the same reaction that is produced when you take Tylenol for a headache. Hemp farmers could also be called trichome farmers, we raise our hemp for the trichomes that it produces once it matures. This is where all the medical value of the plant is housed. We at Michigan Hemp Solutions take pride in the quality of our product knowing it is your family we will be taking care of. This is the same reason Soil Friends Farms has not used chemicals or pesticides on fruit or vegetable crops. The quality of the plant starts with the field and hands used to raise it.
Michigan Hemp Solutions is here to provide our clients with a variety of products based on the needs that you present us with. We want to provide you with clean cannabis extracts with consistency. Using CO2 Extraction allows for us to provide an array of products. We pride ourselves on being able to meet the demands of our clients and being a sustainable business conscience to our earth. Concentrate sales are now higher than the sale of dry flower because the plant profile is preserved, and the dosage is more suitable to the consumer’s needs.
Our CO2 extraction process allows us to select specific cannabinoids to deliver to our clients based on their needs. Our CO2 system can adapt to client needs by adjusting perameters for different cannabis extracted products. System changes include adjusting pressure, temperature, and flow rate to manipulate the super critical fluid within the system. As our client’s needs shift so can our production, CO2 allows us to be precise on the compounds we select to extract, and this is a key benefit to our business. There are many other extraction methods available to the industry that are great at making one product. We pride ourselves on being a company that produces full spectrum cannabis oils.
CO2 readily evaporates from the oil leaving no residue once the oil reaches atmospheric conditions. CO2’s evaporation and terpene preservation leads to a natural tasting product and a golden color oil. Running supercritical or liquid CO2 (subcritical) through raw material also kills most microbial contaminants. Ultimately CO2’s ability to be fluid and ever changing allows us to stay ahead of the markets needs by meeting your need for broad-spectrum, green and clean oil!
CO2 extraction is ideal for cannabis as well as food, pharmaceutical, and fragrance industries due to its ability to process in a delicate manor. Settings such as temperature, and pressure ensures that we will not damage frail trichomes when performed correctly. Cannabis concentrates are targeted for an assortment of cannabinoids, terpenes and other components of the dried cannabis plant. Our goal at MHS is to be consistent and efficent in achieving therapeutic results. Current studies have suggested that extracting terpenes can enhance the medicinal effects of CBD along with other cannabinoids. The proper extraction of terpenes from specific strains allows us to satisfy medicinal market demands. If you cultivated a variety based on the medicinal value of that plant we are able to preserve and prevent those terpenes from getting lost in the extraction method. Consumers will be able to measure the quality based on effects upon consumption.
Cannabis can be extracted using several different methods aside from CO2 extraction. Butane and Ethanol are the two mentioned and are of the most popular. They have a commonplace in the cannabis industry for multiple reasons, one being the strength of the solution. Ethanol and Butane are powerful solvents that have an all or nothing personality. They pull out wax, chlorophyll, fat, terpenes and cannabinoids. This leaves no room for control on what is targeted for extraction.
Cannabinoids like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the main compounds extracted from the cannabis plant. Aren’t these the most important two? But what about terpenes? How do terpenes play a role in extraction and why are they so crucial? Terpenes are responsible for most of the plants profile. Another way to look at terpenes is considering them like the plant’s personality traits. Before I mentioned that you may cultivate certain strains because of their medicinal profile, this profile comes from the terpenes housed in the flowers trichomes. These same trichomes house CBD and THC as well.
We deliver a ‘full-spectrum’ extract meaning the complete profile of the plants medicinal value which includes both terpenes and cannabinoids. Through extraction the cannabinoids are preserved but as well as the delicate terpenes that are volatile through the extraction process. With CO2 extraction the delicacy of the process allows for the consumer to receive that full-spectrum oil they may be in search of.
By changing the pressure and temperature of the CO2 you can
create Supercritical CO2 or CO2 in its liquid state (subcritical). Due to CO2’s
properties it can be described as a “green” solvent because it is both
non-toxic and non-flammable. This alleviates the concern for residue in the
final product and the chance of explosion during processing. Carbon Dioxide is generally
recognized as safe by the FDA. The legislation around health and safety places
heavy restrictions around solvent that are acceptable. CO2 is most acceptable
because it is natural. Extracts made from CO2 are closest to the natural
starting material which is our goal in extraction.
The liquid CO2 is pumped through the plant material dissolving
the terpenes and oils. After this process is complete the CO2 returns to its
natural state as a gas allowing the terpenes and oils to flow out for
collection. Once the terpenes are collected, we can run the process again this
time at a higher temperature and pressure specifically targeting cannabinoids.
Once the cannabinoids have been extracted, they can be winterized to remove
fats, then the terpenes from the first extraction can be added back into the
product creating a full-spectrum oil.
CO2 extraction is both customizable and clean. CO2 extraction
allows for us to extract any desired compound(s) to create therapeutic
CBD-based medicine that is valuable in terpenes, aroma, and quality. We truly believe
that with our CO2 extraction system we can meet a limitless variety of products
for you and the consumer you are targeting.
Terpenes are a large part of the full-spectrum oil that we are trying to achieve but you may be asking why terpenes are so crucial to the medicinal user of cannabis products. Terpenes are essential oils that work with cannabinoids to create the entourage effect. The entourage effect is simply the way the whole cannabis plant including cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes and other substances naturally found in cannabis work together to create homeostasis in your body. Terpenes also have a large number of medicinal benefits!
Studies have been conducted over the years and it has been found that any terpene concentration above 0.5% is considered to effectively change behavior and bring out physiological changes. Patients who showed symptoms of depression were exposed to terpenes and nine out of the twelve patients reported that their depression subsided. There are over 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant resulting in a different aromatic flavor for each plant profile. Terpenes are also found in a grand host of other plants such as hops, lemongrass, thyme and citrus fruits just to name a few. There is a terpene wheel that displays where certain terpenes are found and the aroma and flavor profile! Although the cannabis plant has 200 terpenes there are more than 30,000 known terpenes. If you are curious, check out the wheel. Terpenes health benefits also deserve a mention. Studies conducted in the last five to ten years have proved that the terpene Limonene stunt cancer cell growth, prevents the cells from spreading and often causes the cancerous cells to die. The terpene Linalool or a dominant terpene found in lavender is known for its anticonvulsant properties, or in other terms has been found to stop seizure activity in the brain. There is so much more and beyond to talk about terpenes!
We hope that after this rather lengthy article you have a
better understanding of CO2 extraction and its importance and the benefits of a